Home Top News U.S. scientists have come up with a plan for a new compact fusion reactor

U.S. scientists have come up with a plan for a new compact fusion reactor

U.S. scientists have come up with a plan for a new compact fusion reactor

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Department of Science has provided a new design for a small fusion reactor that will help commercialize future energy technology. The compact gate offers a reduced design of the Tokamak fusion device.

DIII-D Research Division of the U.S. Department of Energy focuses on the development of fusion systems, developing a new Small Advanced Tokomac (CAT) High performance and self-consistent configurationIt uses energy very efficiently. This will allow you to build these devices on a small scale at low cost.

The concept of the Kate fusion furnace is described in an article published in the March 19 issue of the journal Nuclear fusion. The design was created from the ground up using mathematical simulations. The physics approach integrates the theory developed by General Atoms, which uses a data center at the Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL). The CORI supercomputer, powered by ORNL, is used to research, calculate and test the energy potential of fusion concepts from DIII-D.

Kate Tokamak Visualization. Source: General Atom

The key to our approach is to increase internal pressure on Tokamak. This increases the probability of the cores merging, which helps to reduce the current dimensions of the device. This makes the fusion reaction easier to operate. Our simulations show that by carefully designing the plasma and moving its current to the edge of the furnace, turbulent heat losses can be suppressed. As a result, higher pressures are generated at lower streams to achieve a stable and constant fusion reaction. These devices can generate electricity continuously, “he said. The project manager said, Richard Battery.

Two U.S. officials – the Fesak Committee for Fusion Energy and the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) – recently released a report emphasizing the need for fusion energy activities in the United States. The FESAC report outlines a ten-year strategic plan to accelerate the development of fusion energy and fusion science knowledge. Naseem’s report requires investment from the public and private sectors to build a pilot power plant between 2035 and 2040.

The main recommendation of the two reports is to develop a scientific and engineering site for a low-cost pilot fusion power plant that will lay the foundation for the commercialization of fusion nuclear facilities.The company said General Atom.

As a new national fusion energy strategy develops in the United States, the new reactor design helps identify the technology needed to create this challenge.

The project focuses on the development of fusion energy ITER, Of which 35 states are cooperating. These include China, the European Union, Japan, Korea, Russia and the United States. The fusion reactor is being built at the French research center of Katara. Its purpose is to demonstrate the potential for fusion on an industrial scale. The project is now 70% complete and the first operation of the furnace is expected in 2035.

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The first device to produce electricity from the fusion reaction was the demo device In the United Kingdom. The expected output power of this reactor is 1 GWe. Demo reactors are expected to be operational between 2037 and 2050.


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