Nutrition advice in rheumatoid arthritis - Heilpraxis

Rheumatoid arthritis: Eating the right diet can help

Millions of people around the world suffer from Rheumatoid arthritis (rheumatism). This chronic systemic autoimmune disease primarily affects the joints. In the treatment of the disease can also be true feed helps.

Registered Dietitian Beth Czerwony explains recently contribution From the Cleveland Clinic (USA), How an Anti-Inflammatory Diet Can Help Reduce Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis – And Which Foods Can Make You Feel Worse.

Diet can have a positive or negative effect

According to experts, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common inflammatory joint disease. “It works with inflammatory diseases immune system The body attacks itself, causing pain and cell damage.”Czerwony explains.

“Your diet may make these symptoms less severe or less frequent — or, on the other hand, eat foods that help ignition cause your symptoms to worsen. “

Eat whole foods

There is no single diet or diet that can treat or cure rheumatoid arthritis, but focusing on eating a healthy diet can help. All food They can have an overall positive effect on symptoms.

A low-fat, low-sugar diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables vegetables Helps calm inflammationRed Sagt.

And the Antioxidants Help fight inflammation. These molecules, which are found in some foods, help reduce free radicals in your body — which is especially important for people with rheumatism.

free radicals They are natural by-products of our metabolism and can also be caused by external factors such as stress, smoking, and pollution.”According to a nutritionist. “They can cause cell damage that increases inflammation.”

Include foods that are generally high in antioxidants Turmericfish oil, GingerAnd the Spirulinagreen tea and omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fish such as salmon, mackerel, sardines, and anchovies, as well as in Walnuts is happening.

Foods rich in antioxidants

Czerwony lists some specific antioxidants and food They contain in large quantities:

  • beta carotene It comes from brightly colored fruits and vegetables such as CarrotsAnd peas, and spinach, and mangoes.
  • Vitamin C It is found in most fruits and vegetables, especially berries and bell peppers. Other good sources BroccoliBrussels sprouts and sweet potatoes Tomatoesand citrus fruits and tropical fruits such as pineapple, mango, papaya, and guava.
  • Vitamin E inside Nutssunflower seeds and vegetable oils.
  • Lycopene It comes from pink and red vegetables like tomatoes and watermelons.
  • Lutein It is found in green leafy vegetables as well Mostpapaya and orange Contain.
  • seleniumwhich you only need in small doses, can be found in eggs, tuna, salmon, brown rice, Onions And many other vegetables.

Special diets

Introducing an anti-inflammatory diet can help relieve or prevent some of the symptoms. Czerwony explains which special Diets advised here.

Mediterranean diet
“This diet has been considered the best diet for many years Health problems Touted as the best choice for anyone looking for an anti-inflammatory diet.”Red Sagt.

This diet focuses on a colorful variety of fruits and vegetables, complex and nutritious carbohydrates such as those found in whole grains and legumes, olive oilwhich are high in unsaturated fats (the good kind of fat), lean protein such as fish and poultry, and the occasional glass of wine with meals.

Dairy productsRed and processed meats and sweets are avoided as much as possible.

Vegetarian diet
Similar to the Mediterranean diet, it includes: vegetarian Natural Anti-Inflammatory Foods Diet »so red. “Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants, and you don’t get saturated fat from animal products.”

But remember: a vegan diet does not automatically mean a healthy diet. After all, foods like french fries are considered vegan, but that doesn’t mean they’re good for you! to most Advantages To get it, focus on choosing plant-based foods.

Low carbohydrate diet
A low-carb diet can be part of an anti-inflammatory diet, as long as it is refined carbohydrates and eliminate high-fat foods.”Red Sagt.

Avoid these foods

Processed foods are inflammatory and should be avoided whenever possible. Furthermore, you should avoid consuming refined carbohydrates such as those found in food White flour and trans fats from fried foods, margarine, shortening, and lard, processed meats such as sausage, and high-fat foods such as red meat and whole eggs.

Czerwony also cautions against the addition Zuckeras in soft drinks, sweets and sweets, and from alcohol.

“These foods should be avoided because excess fat and sugar promote inflammation.”expert’s remarks. Some people have increased symptoms Algolten or consume dairy products, so it’s important to pay attention to how your diet affects your symptoms.”

Since everyone’s body is different, you need to know which foods are the biggest triggers for your rheumatic symptoms. If you live with rheumatoid arthritis, even the little ones can the changes Your diet has a huge impact on your daily life. (ad)

Author and source information

This text complies with the requirements of specialized medical literature, medical guidelines, and current studies and has been validated by medical professionals.


  • Cleveland Clinic: What is the best diet for rheumatoid arthritis?, (Abruf: 03.12.2022), Cleveland Clinic

important note:
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.


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