Severe menstrual pain: is adenomyosis the cause?

What is adenomyosis?

Adenomyosis is a benign disease of the uterus, specifically the uterine wall. Tissue similar to the endometrium migrates into the muscular layer of the uterus. Women of childbearing age are particularly affected. For a long time, adenomyosis was referred to as a sub-form of endometriosis and called “endometriotic” because the foci grow into the wall of the uterus.

Because adenomyosis has not been researched much yet, there is no definitive data on how common the disease actually is. It is estimated that about four to 30 percent of all women are infected. Other sources report that about 1 in 10 women have adenomyosis.

Signs of adenomyosis

About 30 percent of all patients with adenomyosis have it No symptoms. In such cases, the disease is diagnosed during a gynecological examination. If symptoms do occur, they are often nonspecific, making diagnosis difficult. Because the symptoms that do occur are not always related to uterine disease. Signs of adenomyosis include:

  • Heavy and painful menstruation
  • Pain in the pelvic area, which can occur during menstruation or sexual intercourse. However, pelvic pain can also be chronic.
  • Intestinal complaints Such as diarrhea, flatulence, cramps, and painful bowel movements
  • Back achethat radiate into the buttocks and thighs.
  • pain when urinating, Similar to a bladder infection
  • infertility

Important: If you suspect you have adenomyosis, you should see your gynecologist/gynecologist.

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