Cholera activity slowing in South Sudan
According to the report, the disease is endemic to the area and the country has experienced five major outbreaks of the disease since 2006. With these outbreaks the preparedness efforts of humanitarian partners have improved in their containment efficacy. This, alongside low reported rainfall, have allowed early containment of cholera this year.
The two counties reported 1,757 cases with 46 fatalities as of Sept. 27 of this year. In 2014, there were 6,136 cases with 139 fatalities across 16 counties and five states within a similar time period.
The country has implemented vaccination campaigns and pre-positioned medical and diagnostic supplies for more vulnerable areas. There are also networks of hygiene promoters, social moralizers and mass communication efforts that have provided important information on preventing the disease from spreading.
Cholera is primarily transmitted through ingesting contaminated food and water and is more common in areas without access to regular clean water and those areas with underdeveloped waste disposal systems.
Cholera symptoms include diarrhea and vomiting and can lead to severe dehydration if left untreated.