Ban pushes for the CTBT to go into full force

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Monday urged for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty, which prohibits nuclear testing worldwide, to be entered into force as early as possible.

Ban addressed attendees at the CTBT: Science and Technology 2013 Conference in Vienna, Austria via video, urging States to take the next step in the treaty's implementation.

"Now it is time for the international community to exercise political will and act," Ban said

The CTBT, which was organized by the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization, was adopted in 1996 but has not yet been ratified. The CTBTO has been developing the treaty's verification regime so that when the proper signatures and ratifications come, the treaty will go into full force.

Out of 195 listed States, 183 have signed the CTBT and 159 have ratified it. In order for the treaty to enter into force, the Annex 2 States must first ratify the treaty. Of these Annex 2 States, China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan and the United States have not yet done so.

Ban told attendees of the conference that this step of bringing the CTBT into full force is a necessary step to deterring nuclear testing and progressing towards a nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation world.

"That is why conferences of this kind are so important," Ban said. "And it is why I renew my call for the earliest entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. I look forward to our continued work to prevent nuclear proliferation and to rid the world of all such weapons."