immune system function
Our immune system protects our bodies from outside invaders And the External influences. It renders pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi harmless, brings back pollutants from the environment and can fight pathological changes in cells. Without our bodies’ defenses, we would be at the mercy of harmful environmental influences. However, many women suffer through them Menstruation It’s not just abdominal pain and mood swings, they are too more likely to infections.
The relationship between hormones and the immune system
studies Show that hormones like estrogenAnd the progesterone And the testosterone It can have an effect on the immune system and its functions. The interaction of hormones and the immune system in women has not yet been definitively elucidated, but it is already known that the immune response to pathogens in the second half of the menstrual cycle milder to fail. The reason is that Decrease in estrogen levels.
Increased levels of estrogen strengthens the immune system
in first half turn Estrogen levels rise as the body prepares to release egg cells. The hormone ensures that the endometrium continues to thicken and create optimal conditions for the possible implantation of an egg cell. But your immune system is also affected by Increase in estrogen. Estrogen interacts with immune cells and encourages them to do a good job. Because in the first 14 days of your cycle (the follicular phase), the body wants to protect you from potentially harmful invaders until you are healthy enough to get pregnant.
With the onset of menstruation, estrogen and progesterone levels decrease
with the ovulation Estrogen levels drop Again, at the same time the level of progesterone rises. These hormonal processes Gently turns off the immune systemso that immune cells create a newly fertilized egg cell no attacks.
During the second phase of the cycle (the luteal phase), estrogen and progesterone rise together again. If the egg is fertilized, the estrogen hormone remains high. However, if pregnancy does not occur, both estrogen and progesterone levels drop to their lowest levels at the end of one cycle and at the beginning of the next. This will make Significantly decreased immune function You susceptible to disease.
Another factor can Stress Be who does not miss during this period (mood swings, abdominal pain, etc.). High levels of stress hormones also affect the immune system and can lead to a weakened immune system.
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