It is best to avoid these foods
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An underactive thyroid gland can affect breathing, metabolism, growth and circulation. The right diet can counteract this.

FRANKFURT – Our thyroid gland is only a small organ in the front of the neck, but it has a huge impact on our health. It produces important hormones that affect metabolism, growth, circulation, and psyche, among other things. If something is wrong with the thyroid gland, for example due to hypothyroidism, this can have corresponding physical effects.

a lot Habits can be responsible for an underactive thyroid gland He is. Anyone who suffers from an underactive thyroid gland or wants to take preventive measures against it should also pay attention to the right diet. Certain foods can have a positive effect on thyroid function. Others can intensify symptoms or even be responsible for the malfunction. But what are the right foods?

High fat food plate with hamburger with french fries and salad
If you have an underactive thyroid, you should avoid a diet high in fat and sugar. (iconic image) © IMAGO / Westend61

Hypothyroidism: These foods should be included in the diet

In order to maintain the efficiency of the thyroid gland and the health of the body, it needs trace elements such as selenium, calcium and iron as well as vitamins such as vitamin A and vitamin D. Therefore, be careful to include these nutrients in your diet. However, in order for the thyroid gland to be able to produce enough hormones, it needs above all an adequate amount of iodine. If not enough iodine is taken in through food, the thyroid gland can become enlarged, leading to hypothyroidism. According to the German Society for Nutrition The recommended daily amount of iodine for young people and adults is 200 micrograms, and the dose is higher for pregnant and lactating women.

For this reason, iodine-containing foods are a good basis for preventing hypothyroidism and relieving symptoms. In addition, you should take care to eat foods rich in minerals. the NDR He recommends the following foods:

  • Fish and seafood
  • Sausage and meat products, eg lean deli meats such as corned beef, turkey breast deli meats and chili meats
  • Grain products such as whole grain bread, whole grain rice, whole grain pasta, unsweetened muesli or oatmeal
  • Low-sugar fruits such as apples, apricots, apricots, blackberries, clementines, fresh strawberries, grapefruit, blueberries, raspberries, currants, sour cherries, kiwi, nectarines, papaya, oranges, plums, peaches, gooseberries, watermelon
  • Any vegetables
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Fats and oils such as olive oil, rapeseed oil, walnut oil, and a little bit of butter
  • Beverages such as water and unsweetened tea, especially herbal tea
  • Eggs, milk and dairy products, cheese such as buttermilk and quark up to 20 percent fat, natural yogurt up to 3.5 percent fat, and cheese up to 45 percent fat

It is best to avoid these foods if you have an underactive thyroid

In addition to the many foods that are beneficial in an underactive thyroid, there are also several foods that should not be eaten in an underactive thyroid or that can actually boost it.

foods like:

  • white bread and toast, rusks, wheat and milk rolls, croissants; durum wheat pasta; mashed rice, potatoes, croquettes, mashed potatoes, pancakes, potato pancakes; Ready meals and fast food
  • Desserts, sweet baked goods, sweet dairy products (see below), ice cream, chips, salty crackers
  • Fruits such as sweetened fruit preserves, fruit purees and candied dried fruits
  • Peanuts and salted nuts
  • Pork fat, goose fat, palm fat, mayonnaise, sunflower oil, and safflower oil
  • Fruit juice, soft drinks, milkshakes, alcohol
  • Pickled fish in mayonnaise or cream. If you take thyroid hormones or suffer from chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland: Fish very rich in iodine, such as mullet, pollock, haddock.
  • Breaded meat All sausages and other hams in general
  • eggs and dairy products, especially high-fat dairy products such as cream, sour cream, and fresh cream; Sweetened final products such as pudding, rice pudding, fruit yoghurt, fruit quark, cocoa preparations, fruit milk
  • Those:

Sore throat as well A clearing throat and coughing may be symptoms of thyroid disease clues. (Niklas Mueller)


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