Dyslexia has played an important role in the survival of our species


  • About 20% of the world’s population suffers from dyslexia.
  • Exploration corresponds to activities that involve searching for the unknown such as experimentation, discovery, and innovation.
  • Exploitation is the use of what is already known.

It’s a change in dyslexia’s perspective. In the specialized magazine the border in psychologyThe researchers showed that infected people could have played an important role in humans’ adaptation and survival.

What is dyslexia?

The World Federation of Neurology defines dyslexia as “A disorder in children who, despite their traditional classroom experience, fail to acquire language skills in reading, writing and spelling commensurate with their intellectual abilities”. In most cases, the disturbances appear from the very beginning of learning to read in school. The French Federation Dys Determines that they can lead to difficulty in recognizing words, in reading or understanding texts, or even in many misspellings.

Valuable exploration capabilities

The disability-centric view of dyslexia does not tell the whole story‘,” explains lead author of this new study, Dr. Helen Taylor.This research provides a new framework to help us better understand the cognitive strengths of people with dyslexia. ” With his team, they relied on cognition and behavior analysis to carry out their work. They discovered that the ability of people with dyslexia to adapt and explore is a survival force. “This likely plays a fundamental role in human adaptation to changing environments.”They say. Because in order to survive, humans must make a compromise between exploration and exploitation: “For example, if you eat all your food, you might starve when it’s gone. But if you spend all your time looking for food, you’re wasting energy that you don’t need to waste.”, they explain. For the lead author, this compromise is the key to our adaptation, and it explains a large number of the decisions we make on a daily basis.

What are the repercussions today?

In the modern world, this tendency of dyslexic people to explore has various consequences. According to researchers from the University of Cambridge, this is one possible reason for their difficulties with tasks related to exploitation, such as reading and writing. “It could also explain why people with dyslexia are drawn to certain professions that require exploration-related abilities, such as the arts, architecture, engineering, and entrepreneurship.“Continue.

Changing perspective in dyslexia

For the researchers, these findings are evidence that we need to change our view of dyslexia as a neurological disorder. “Schools, colleges and workplaces are not designed to make the most of exploratory learningDr. Helen Taylor said: But we urgently need to start nurturing this way of thinking to allow humanity to continue adapting and solving major challenges.”


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