As the Zika virus continues to spread around the world, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control has continued to provide information and education, seeking to educate individuals about how to avoid contracting the disease.
The center reminds pregnant women that they are the group at the highest risk. and that the issues they stand to suffer are related to the heath of their unborn babies. Upon contraction of Zika, a fetus may suffer congenital defects to the central nervous system and infection. Though there are other factors that can affect the severity of the defects -- such as the mother's age -- substantial research has not be conducted on the influence of such factors.
The EU and EEA member states are being advised to inform visitors from other countries to take the necessary steps and reduce the risk of spreading the disease. In addition, pregnant women are being advised to avoid traveling to at-risk areas until after they have delivered their babies.
Within the continental EU, there is only one species of mosquito that can transmit the Zika virus, called the Aedes Albopictus, though the species' inability to withstand the colder winter months reduces the risk it poses in certain seasons.