The World Health Organization (WHO) has been notified by the National IHR Focal Point for the U.S. that an infant born in Hawaii in December has microcephaly.
The mother of the child lived in Brazil, and during the second month of her pregnancy she reported symptoms of the virus, but a test wasn’t conducted. The male infant was tested a week after being born. The samples from the test, which were processed at the Centers for Disease Control, showed that the baby was infected with the Zika virus.
The Zika virus has been sweeping across Latin America, and cases are being reported in the U.S. An outbreak is expected to happen in the coming months, according to health professionals. WHO recently declared a public emergency regarding the virus, and health officials and researchers across the world are scrambling to prevent the disease and develop a vaccine.
WHO advises that everyone try to prevent getting the virus by avoiding mosquitos, which are the main way the virus is transferred. It is also transferred sexually. The best way to do this is to destroy mosquito breeding sites, such as pools of water where mosquito larvae breed. It is also important to prevent being bitten by mosquitos. The best way to do this is by wearing long clothing and applying repellant.