Myanmar officially became a member of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) on Friday after the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) entered into effect.
This report follows the country's submission of its instrument of ratification to the organization on July 8 of this year.
“Myanmar’s accession brings the CWC closer to universal adherence and to achieving a world free of chemical weapons," OPCW Director-General Ahmet Üzümcü said. "The Convention continues to be the singular multilateral instrument for chemical disarmament, and its universal acceptance is an absolute priority for the OPCW. It is essential that the States still outside the CWC join as soon as possible.”
With Myanmar becoming an official member, 191 countries are party to the CWC. Five nations have not yet become full members of the CWC: North Korea, South Sudan, Egypt, Angola and Israel.
Israel has taken the first step in signing the convention but has not submitted ratification instruments.
The OPCW is the organization tasked with the enforcement and implementation activity of the CWC, which prohibits the use, stockpile, development and other activity relating to chemical weapons. The OPCW regularly takes part and hosts regional workshops and sessions that cover a number of areas within the CWC including implementation, medical countermeasures and assistance training, customs protocols, analytical chemistry among other activities.