U.S. nuclear medical countermeasure example could serve as example

Despite recent advances in medical countermeasures to the possibility of a nuclear attack, the world health system is still unprepared for the potential use of a thermonuclear weapon.

The U.S. medical countermeasure system could be used as an example for other countries seeking to develop their own programs, CBRNePortal reports.

The U.S. employs the Radiation-specific Triage, Treatment, Transport (RTR) system, which can support medical care following a nuclear attack. The RTR system characterizes, organizes and deploys appropriate material and personnel assets as close as safely possible to victims of a nuclear incident, according to CBRNePortal.

RTR sites are divided into three categories: a site near the epicenter of a nuclear event that provides medical response and support for traumatic injuries, including radiation exposure; a site established in relationship to plume modeling and varying amounts of residual radiation that serves ambulatory victims; and a site that serves as a casualty collection point.

The U.S. system also maintains predetermined sites that can provide medical care in the event of a nuclear event, including local and regional hospitals, nursing homes and outpatient clinics.

Other alternative care sites would also be determined in the aftermath of an attack. Those sites could include school gymnasiums and convention centers, CBRNePortal reports.