Russian arms expert suggests improvements to WMD nonproliferation resolution

Russian arms control expert Petr Litavrin recently wrote an article that contained suggestions to the legally-binding United Nations Security Council resolution (UNSCR) 1540 around the world.

"The way forward for UNSCR 1540," published in 1540 Compass, hailed the success of the weapons of mass destruction (WMD) nonproliferation agreement approved unanimously in 2004 by the U.N. Security Council. Litavrin said it was an achievement of international diplomacy that nations could work out a compromise in WMD control despite differences in their respective legal systems.

Litavrin also said that both shifting international threats and continuing implementation of the agreement pose challenges for UNSCR 1540 in the future, 1540 Compass reports.

Litavrin suggested watching countries that have no WMD capability but can still serve as transshipment points for materials. He also called for improved reporting and implementation of UNSCR 1540 so terrorists and other non-state actors cannot exploit weak points in the international system, according to 1540 Compass.

UNSCR 1540 calls for member states to report on the implementation of the agreement within their own borders, with 89 percent of states reporting at least once since 2004.

Petr Litavrin is a former member of the Group of Experts supporting the 1540 Committee. He has worked at the Russian Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as with other U.N. experts on conventional arms control.