CTBTO Executive Secretary urges for CTBT entry into force

Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Lassina Zerbo made a statement on Wednesday, urging non-signatories and the Annex 2 States to ratify the CTBT.

Zerbo said a group of eminent persons would be established this month to pacify the CTBT entry into force. The group is expected to consist of former prime ministers and other high representative from treaty State parties, including both signatory and non-signatory States. The first meeting is expected to be held during the eighth Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty on September 27.

"We are working hard day in and day out," Zerbo said.

The treaty currently has 183 signatories, 159 of which have already ratified it. The treaty can only enter into full force after all 44 States considered Annex 2 States have ratified it. The United States, Democratic Republic of Korea, Egypt, China, India, Israel, Pakistan and Iran have yet to ratify the treaty.

The CTBTO has moved forward with plans to prepare for when the treaty goes into force. The organization has established a verification mechanism that can monitor the presence of nuclear explosives. The unit uses seismic, hydro-acoustic, infrasound and radionuclide technologies in its detection processes.

Zerbo announced he has been in communication with the Annex 2 State representatives to encourage participation in the Conference in September. He is hopeful for the treaty's entry into full force.

"Hard work will pay off not far into the future," Zerbo said.