Non-proliferation treaty conference discusses Iran, North Korea concerns

The second preparatory conference of the U.N. Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty began on Monday by addressing international concerns over Iran's nuclear program and North Korea's alleged nuclear threats.

Head of the U.N. Office for Disarmament Affairs Angela Kane expressed concern over Iran's nuclear program and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's nuclear threats, which are in direct violation of the NPT's three pillars. Kane proposed steps that should be taken by the international community to address these breeches of the treaty.

"The whole raison d'ĂȘtre of this review process is to focus on implementation of commitments relating to the treaty's three pillars, nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy," Kane said."What is most needed now in NPT arenas is to revive a sense of forward progress, however slow, however difficult it may be."

The conference will last two weeks and will focus on preparing for the 2015 NPT Review Conference. The treaty was created in 1970 to prevent the development of nuclear technology and weapons, create an international pact to only use nuclear energy peacefully and to eventually completely disarm all nuclear weapons.

There are 189 signatories on the treaty, including Iran. North Korea signed the treaty but withdrew in 2003.

The P5, or the 5 permanent members of the NPT including the U.S., Russia, China, France and the U.K., met two days before the conference to discuss the implementation of an effective International Atomic Energy Agency to protect against nuclear proliferation.

In an effort to increase international transparency of compliance with the treaty's three pillars, a website has been created that allows national representatives to update relevant information regarding disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful nuclear uses.