Syrian medical group says gas used at Homs was Agent-15
SAMS personnel said they interviewed witnesses and victims of the attack to draw their conclusions but have not conducted any laboratory tests on the substance. Regardless, they said it is probable that the substance used was Agent-15, or what NATO refers to as BZ, according to BusinessInsider.com.
"The gas effects started [a] few seconds after the area was shelled," a SAMS report said, BusinessInsider.com reports. "Right after the shelling, patients described seeing white gas with odor, then they had severe shortness of breath, loss of vision, inability to speak, flushed face, dizziness, paralysis, nausea and vomiting, and increased respiratory secretions.
"Doctors who treated patients said that patients had pinpoint pupils and bronchospasm. Patients were treated in a field hospital. Gas masks were not available."
BZ is considered to be an incapacitating agent, and though dangerous, it is not as lethal as some chemical weapons in Syria's suspected stockpile, which supposedly includes sarin and VX gas. Reports of the attack remain unconfirmed and other Syrian opposition groups have said they believe the suspected gas to have been chlorine.