The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) on Tuesday recounted the five-year anniversary of the passage of the Nuclear Forensics and Attribution Act as a part of the response and prevention of nuclear attacks.
The bill was instrumental in the establishment of the National Technical Nuclear Forensics Center that resides in the DHS's Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO.) The act has allowed the department to work with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the departments of State, Defense, Energy and other agencies to coordinate training to better prepare against a potential nuclear threat. The law also facilitates international cooperation to enhance capabilities of nuclear forensics allowing the U.S. and partner nations for threat prevention overseas. Nuclear forensics was among the top priorities of the Nuclear Security Summit in 2010.
The office has been able to develop technological capabilities that allows the replication of methods used by foreign countries in their development of nuclear material. In this process predictions of forensic signatures can be made to be able to accurately trace material to its place of origin.
It is also stipulated by this law that the National Nuclear Forensics Expertise Development Program continues to provide the experienced personnel required for nuclear forensics and the support of higher educational institutions that are increasing their involvement in the field.