The Marburg virus, in the same family of hemorrhagic fevers as the Ebola virus, has been confirmed in one individual and more than 80 people who had been in contact with the infected person are being surveyed for signs of the disease. Eight of these contacts have since developed symptoms of the disease, including fever, rash, myalgia, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The first case coming from a health worker may indicate a larger undiagnosed outbreak in the country.
The country has dealt with Ebola outbreaks in the past, making how it handles this most recent Marburg outbreak illustrative for future containment and treatment efforts.
So far rapid diagnosis and contact tracing have lead to a seemingly effective response that is applicable to the concurrent Ebola outbreak in west Africa.
The Marburg virus was originally discovered in an outbreak in Marburg, Germany, that was caused by a shipment of monkeys from Africa. The disease has an 80 percent mortality rate and has been linked to an animal reservoir. African fruit bats are unaffected carriers.