CDC report details Nigeria's effective Ebola response during 2014 epidemic

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a report on Friday that detailed the effectiveness of Nigeria’s management of the Ebola epidemic that began in Liberia in 2014.

The report said a sick traveler from Liberia arrived by plane in Lagos, Nigeria -- one of Africa’s largest cities — on July 20, 2014, and was diagnosed with Ebola virus disease (EVD) after seeking treatment at a private hospital. It was determined that at the airport and in the hospital, he came in contact with 72 individuals, resulting in 13 further cases. The CDC reports that Nigeria had experienced 19 suspected cases with all but one being laboratory confirmed.

The CDC said the Nigerian health care system, through its emergency operations center and its incident management system, was able to manage the spread of the outbreak in Nigeria, with help from international partners such as the CDC, and contained the outbreak to just 19 more cases.

Nigeria had help through the CDC’s Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP). FETP-trained health officials from Nigeria and Atlanta identified 894 people at risk for the disease, completed nearly 19,000 home visits to monitor residents for symptoms and screened more than 147,000 travelers.

The report said that for outbreaks to be effectively controlled, countries should follow the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA), which calls for the establishment of real-time disease surveillance, electronic reporting systems and laboratory networks to be able to run diagnostic activity with appropriate safety protocols in place.

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