Viral hemorrhagic fever cases reported in Darfur
Among these cases, 103 individuals died; they have been reported in 12 localities in the central, southern, eastern and western regions of the country.
Of the localities impacted, western Darfur has seen the majority of cases at 110 people, followed by northern and central Darfur, each reporting 33 cases as of Tuesday.
There have been 36 samples taken related to this situation. Of them, eight samples tested positive for the West Nile virus, and four samples tested positive for the Chikungunya virus.
Both of these diseases are commonly spread through mosquito bites and are common in the region. West Nile typically presents itself with body and head aches, fatigue, vomiting and diarrhea. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that approximately one percent of cases develop severe neurological conditions including meningitis or encephalitis.
Chikungunya symptoms typically include fever, joint pain and headaches. The CDC reports that the disease is not often fatal, but severe forms can lead to disability. They also state that symptoms of Chikungunya mirror those found in dengue fever.
Both the WHO and the MOH have deployed vector and infection control activity in affected localities. They also plan to establish insecticides and other measures to prevent the further spread of disease.