NACCHO details Joint Criminal-Epidemiological Investigations Model
The model promotes preparedness and response methods for public health and law enforcement personnel to utilize in cases of a biological threat or attack. This consists of officials in both areas having strong working relationships and promoting a high amount of interaction between each discipline.
They also encourage the creation of memorandums of understanding or other related agreement types. Within these agreements, the CDC, the FBI and the U.S. Department of Justice suggest that the following concepts are included: threat assessment procedures, information sharing protocols, guidance on joint interviews and conducting them and the necessary triggers and indicators to initiate information exchange should be established.
NACCHO also states that there are many workshops on the model that are occurring in late 2014 and throughout the first three quarters of 2016 in several cities including Chicago, Anchorage, Memphis, Sacramento, Cleveland and Des Moines.
NACCHO states that with increased public availability of scientific information, the risk for misuse of biological materials increases; and, in past incidents, it was common for public health officials and law enforcement to conduct separate investigations, which limited each group’s efficacy.