75 scrub typhus cases reported in Nepal

A cell infected with the microbe that causes scrub typhus. | Courtesy of the CDC
Sher Pun of the Clinical Research Unit of the Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital reported Tuesday that there have been 75 confirmed cases of scrub typhus in Nepal.

They were reported to be among patients who had been suffering from rashes, headaches and body aches but were not responding to broad-spectrum antibiotics. According to Pun and the Epidemiology and Disease Control Division, at least eight patients have died.

Scrub typhus and other related diseases are spread through the bite of lice, fleas, mites and ticks. For this type of Rickettsial infection, the animal reservoir consists of rodents and is endemic to the Asian-Pacific Region. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that illnesses in this category typically present themselves with a high fever, malaise, nausea and vomiting. They also report that these diseases can be difficult to diagnose given the number of specific illness reside under the Rickettsial category.

Scrub typhus is reported to be among the kinds that can be fatal in up to 60 percent of untreated cases. There are no vaccines for scrub typhus and antibiotics are not recommended to be used for treatment.

Organizations in this story

Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital Teku, Kathmandu, Central Region, Nepal Kathmandu, Central Region 44600

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