NNSA reports HEU Transparency Program as successful
In an effort to move towards global nonproliferation, the U.S. and the Russian Federation signed the HEU Purchase Agreement in 1993, which stated that Russian Federation would ship 500 metric tons of surplus HEU, enough to produce 20,000 nuclear weapons, from dismantled nuclear weapons to the U.S. for peaceful use.
Under the agreement, popularly known as "Megatons to Megawatts," the HEU is converted to low enriched uranium for the peaceful use of electrical power. It is the largest disarmament program of its kind. Approximately 10 percent of all the electrical power in the U.S. is generated from LEU supplied by Russia.
The HEU Transparency Program seeks to help permanently eliminate the threat of nuclear weapons, and is one of many programs the NNSA implements to achieve global disarmament.
The NNSA, a subsidiary of the U.S. Department of Energy, collaborates with the Russian Federation and the Atomic Energy Agency to see the global threat of nuclear weapons neutralized. To date, the U.S. Department of Energy has eliminated the threat of more than 5,000 kilograms of HEU and plutonium from more than 40 countries. Its efforts have removed all HEU from 25 countries.