CTBTO Executive Secretary Zerbo calls for CTBT ratification
The CTBT was accepted by the General Assembly in 1996. It is the only treaty to ban nuclear testing in all types of environments, including military. Enforcers of the CTBT also have a global alarm system, equipped to detect nuclear explosions to ensure international safety. The treaty was adopted, but has yet to be entered into force.
"We are indeed working hard day in and day out to try to secure their ratification by building the framework that will give the trust necessary for these countries to understand that the ratification of this treaty is part of their own national security as well as the international peace and security," Zerbo said.
The CTBT has 183 signatories, 159 of which have ratified the treaty. It cannot, however, move into force until the "Annex 2 States" ratify it; these States include China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the United States, Egypt, India, Pakistan, Israel and Iran.
The CTBTO has worked tandem to the U.N. since 2000. Its duty is to promote the treaty, with the hopes of it being fully ratified. Zerbo announced the CTBTO has been working with numerous national officials in countries that have not yet ratified the treaty, in the hopes of finding an effective way for it to fit into the nations' political agendas.
U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon supports Zerbo and asked all states that have not yet ratified the treaty to do so, as there are "no justifiable grounds for further delay" in its entry into force.