Indian co. debuts anthrax detection kit

The Defense Food Research Laboratory in India recently revealed an anthrax detection kit that provides a fast, reliable, cost effective and easy system to ensure food safety due to bioterrorism.

Gwailor, the Defense Research & Development Establishment, developed the "Anthra-check Sand-E kit" for the detection of Bacillus anthracis and to target the protective antigen component of the anthrax toxin. The rapid ELISA kit was found to have fairly high sensitivity in detecting anthrax in clinical samples as well as in detecting spores from environmental samples after pre-treatment induction, IBN Live reports.
The kit was able to obtain results in around two hours for clinical samples and over 12 hours in cases of environmental samples and bacterial isolates.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, anthrax is a disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, which is a bacterium that forms spores. A spore is a cell that is dormant but can come to life with the right conditions. The three types of anthrax are cutaneous, inhalation  and gastrointestinal.

Anthrax was used as a weapon in the United States in 2001 when it was deliberately spread through the postal system through letters containing powdered anthrax. The attacks led to 22 cases of infection, five of which resulted in death.